This is the removal of teeth from the mouth. An extraction may be performed for many reasons, one example of which is tooth decay.
The removal of wisdom teeth, which may be done if the teeth are causing problems, is also an example of an extraction.
When a child has overcrowded teeth, teeth may be extracted in order to allow the reamining teeth to grow straight.
When wisdom teeth begin to come through, they may have limited room or they may emerge at an angle. This causes them to push against the other teeth, causing pain and discomfort.
If this occurs, it is advisable to visit the dentist who will likely take an X-Ray of your teeth in order to see whether or not your wisdom teeth are coming through and how they are emerging. Based on these observations, the dentist will be able to judge whether or not to remove these teeth and whether it is likely to be challenging procedure or not. Sedation may be used for these extractions.
The removal of a tooth is the same as having an operation, therefore it is necessary to take care of the area in order to lower the risk of infection and accelerate the healing process. Here are some useful tips:
- Refrain from smoking or drinking alcohol, try to avoid eating hot food and do not disturb any blood clot that may have formed for the first 24 hours.
- During the first 24 hours following the extraction, do not wash your mouth. After the first 24 hours have passed, wash your mouth gently with warm salty water. Use half a teaspoon of salt in a single glass of water.
- Keep your mouth clean by brushing your teeth as normal.
- Do not worry if you feel small pieces of bone working their way out of the socket as this is perfectly normal.
- In the first two or three days you may experience swelling or discomfort. Ordinary painkillers such as aspirin, paracetamol or ibuprofen can be taken if needed.
- Return to your dentist if you experience pain a few days after the removal of your tooth. The blood clot may have broken down leaving an empty hole in your gum known as a “dry socket”. This will need to be seen by your dentist who will pack the wound to relieve your discomfort.
Your dentist may provide you with some gauze to use on the area where the tooth has been extracted. A clean cloth handkerchief will also be sufficient, but avoiding using a paper tissue.